Care and protection – how we're doing
These tables show trends in reports of concern and data about children and young people in care, over the past two years.
The graphs below indicate how we are performing at finding placements for tamariki or children and rangatahi or young people.
Note: COVID-19 may have impacted the June, September and December 2020 quarters. This is due to the alert level restrictions first implemented at the end of March 2020.
Family/whānau placements remain the main placement type for children in longer term placements. In the latest quarter, family/whānau placements were 57% of all longer term out of home placements compared to 59% in the March 21 quarter. Oranga Tamariki try and keep children with their family/whānau where possible. The number of children in longer term out of home care continues to decline.
Graph text description – out-of-home placement
This chart shows what type of caregiver tamariki in longer term out-of-home placements are placed with, at the end of each quarter, for the past two years.
In the latest quarter, of all out-of-home placements longer than three months:
- 1,652 were in a family/whānau placement
- 529 were in a non-family/whānau placement
- 783 were in another type of placement
What is an out-of-home placement?
An out-of-home placement is needed when a child can't live in their family home. This includes:
Family/whānau placements: where a child has been brought into the custody of the Chief Executive, and has been supported to remain living with a member of their whānau as their caregiver.
Non-family/whānau placement: an Oranga Tamariki approved carer provides care for children who are not part of their own whānau. This is in contrast to other carers, who typically work with NGOs to provide care through contracted service arrangements.
Other placements: these can include residences, family/group homes, and contracted NGO services arrangements among others.
The vast majority of family/whānau placements are stable - 95% of children in placement stayed in the same placement this quarter. Of the five percent who changed placement, 3.4% were moved to a non family/whānau placement (green bars) and 1.3% moved to another caregiver within their extended family/whānau (blue bars). Change in caregivers has remained consistently low over the last two years.
Graph text description – family/whānau placement stability
This chart shows the stability of family or whānau placements. Of the tamariki in family or whānau placements, this chart shows the proportion that left that placement or had a caregiver change during the quarter, over the past two years.
Out of all family or whānau placements in the latest quarter:
- 95% had no change in their family/whānau placement
- 3% left their family or whānau placement
- 1% changed caregiver within their family or whānau placement
Family/whānau placement availability on entry to care dropped slightly this quarter (23% compared with 25% in the December 21 quarter). This share went to non-family/whānau placements which increased to 26% from 23% of placements on entry to care.
Graph text description – placement availability on entry to care
This chart shows the first placement type of tamariki who entered care during the quarter. This is shown by quarter for the past two years.
Of the tamariki that entered care in the latest quarter, the placement types they entered were:
- 43 were placed with family/whānau
- 48 were placed with non-family/whānau
- 95 went into other placement types
Quality of placement matching
Of children living with a caregiver, 89% are living with family or whānau or with a caregiver of the same ethnicity. The proportion of children with a caregiver of the same ethnicity has remained stable over the past two years.
Graph text description – ethnicity match with caregivers
This chart shows the proportion of tamariki in a family/whānau or non-family/whānau placement, who are placed with a caregiver from the same whānau or of the same ethnicity. This is shown by quarter over the past two years.
Of the tamariki in family/whānau or non-family/whānau placements in the latest quarter:
- 2,102 were placed with family/whānau
- 497 were placed with a caregiver of the same ethnicity as them
- 272 were placed with a caregiver who had a different ethnicity to them.
Needs assessment completed
The total number of Gateway assessments has continued to decrease in line with the reduction in the number of children in care. The proportion of children who have a completed Gateway assessment has increased slowly over the last two years from 74% to 80%.
Graph text description – completion of gateway assessment
This chart shows the number of tamariki in the custody of the Chief Executive who have a Gateway assessment in progress or completed. This is shown by quarter for the past two years.
Of the tamariki who were in care for the latest quarter:
- 3,833 have a completed gateway assessment
- 393 have a gateway assessment that is in progress
- 540 have not been referred to gateway assessment
What is a gateway assessment?
The gateway assessment is a formal needs assessment, covering health, education, and other needs of the child.
Consent for a gateway assessment must be obtained from a child’s parent or guardian, or, depending on their age, from the young person themselves.
After the completion of an assessment, Oranga Tamariki records whether a recommendation has been made for a child to be referred to receive a relevant service for the identified need.
Oranga Tamariki has consistently high rates of recommending vision, dental and hearing referrals. An average of 86% of children with an identified vision, hearing, or dental need were referred this quarter. A decision to not recommend a referral could be associated with service gaps or the need already being met at the time of assessment. This means referral rates will never reach 100%.
Graph text description - referral to core health support
This chart shows whether a referral is recommended for tamariki in care following the identification of a need in their gateway needs assessment. This is shown by dental, vision and hearing needs by quarter over the past two years.
Of the tamariki who had a gateway assessment completed in the latest quarter:
- 84% of those who had a dental need identified were recommended for a referral
- 90% of those who had a hearing need identified were recommended for a referral
- 85% of those who had a vision need identified were recommended for a referral
Support to return and remain home
Fewer children entered an out of home placement this quarter compared to last quarter. This is a positive improvement, with entries to out of home care decreasing by 25% this quarter from the December 21 quarter. We also had fewer children exit out of home placement. Exits from out of home care decreased by 6% from the previous quarter.
Graph text description – entries and exits for out-of-home care
This chart shows how many tamariki have either entered an out-of-home placement or exited an out-of-home placement (through leaving care or entering a return/remain placement) each quarter, over the past two years.
In the latest quarter:
- 242 entered an out-of-home placement
- 411 exited an out-of-home placement
What is a return/remain placement?
A child is in a return/remain placement when they are in the legal custody of the Oranga Tamariki Chief Executive but remain in the care of their immediate family.
These placements are used most commonly where we are attempting to support the reunification of a family, while still maintaining legal custody to ensure the child remains safe.
Published: July 7, 2022