Youth justice – how we're doing
We are committed to supporting young people, whānau and victims of youth crime to restore their mana.
Note: COVID-19 has impacted the June 2020 quarter due to the restrictions implemented by the Alert Levels during this period.
The graphs below show how we are performing across several measures.
Note: 17 year olds became a part of the Youth Justice System as at 1 July 2019. This is denoted in the charts as a dotted line. Please note this means that the populations before and after the line are not comparable as more young people are included in the latest quarter. The inclusion of 17 years may impact on the trends below as 17 year olds may offend in different ways and may have a longer history of offence.
Support following offending
The proportion of young people referred to Oranga Tamariki youth justice once and not subsequently re-referred to us (blue section of bar) continues to steadily grow as has the number of young people we have not had contact with in the quarter. COVID-19 saw reduced offending rates over the period.
Graph text description – re-engagement for those with youth justice history
This chart shows the number of rangatahi who have not had any engagement with Youth Justice in the quarter as a proportion of the total rangatahi we have previously engaged with who are still eligible for Youth Justice.
Of all applicable aged rangatahi in the latest quarter:
- 901 rangatahi who had only one previous family group conference did not have any engagement with Youth Justice in the quarter.
- 614 rangatahi who had multiple previous family group conferences did not have any engagement with Youth Justice in the quarter.
The number of FGCs held overall has decreased strongly this quarter. This will be driven by the impact of COVID-19 as face-to-face gatherings had restrictions under the Alert Levels. Young people for whom it was their first FGC (blue section of bar) made up 37 percent of all FGCs in the quarter.
Graph text description – FGC history for young people with current FGC
This chart shows the number of rangatahi who have had a family group conference in the quarter, split by the total number of family group conferences they have had in their lifetime, over the past two years.
Of all rangatahi who had an family group conference in the latest quarter:
- 210 have had one family group conference.
- 209 have had two to four family group conferences.
- 92 have had five to nine family group conferences.
- 59 have had ten or more family group conferences.
What is a family group conference (FGC)?
A youth justice family group conference gives a young person, along with their whānau, victims and professionals, a chance to help find solutions when they have offended.
There are three types of youth justice family group conference: an FGC for children who offend, an Intention to Charge FGC, and a Court Ordered FGC.
Less restrictive placements
The number of young people in custody has had a 34 percent decrease in the latest quarter. The drop in custodial remands over the latest quarter was a direct consequence of fewer offences coming to the attention of Police, and fewer of these offences going to court over this period.
Graph text description – custodial placements in youth justice
This chart shows the number of remand placements over the quarter by type of placement. This is shown by quarter for the last two years.
In the latest quarter:
- 66 rangatahi had a community based placement.
- 198 rangatahi had a residence placement.
- 34 rangatahi were in police custody at some point.
What are the different types of placements?
There are several different types of youth justice placements. These can include:
Residence: A youth justice residence provides a safe and secure place for young people to stay who are in the custody of the Chief Executive following arrest, remand or sentence. Residences are locked facilities that provide 24 hour containment and care.
Community-based placement: A young person in the custody of the Chief Executive can be placed in the community if their circumstances do not require them to be in secure residence. Community-based placements can include group remand homes, supervised group homes, and family homes among others.
Police custody: A young person can be held securely by the Police immediately following arrest or on custodial remand while a court case is progressing. This can include those in custody of the Police or in the custody of the Chief Executive.
Police custody average length remained the same. Both community based placements and residence placements had an increase in average length. Residence placements have the longest length with an average of around 47 days.
Graph text description – average days on custodial remand
This chart shows the average length in days of each of the remand placement types, by quarter for the past two years.
In the latest quarter:
- The average lenth of placement for a community based placement was 17.0 days.
- The average lenth of placement for a residence placement was 47.4 days.
- The average lenth of time spent in Police Custody was 1.6 days.
Initial case decision
Shares of each outcome type have fluctuated slightly over time. For the vast majority of cases bail is the main status after the first court appearance. On average, 388 cases are closed each quarter.
Graph text description – status of cases after first court appearance
This chart shows the number of cases finalised in the quarter by the status of their release after the first court appearance. This is shown by quarter for the past two years.
In the latest quarter after the first appearance before a judge for each case:
- 36 rangatahi were released on custodial remand.
- 73 rangatahi were released on custodial remand then later went onto bail.
- 347 rangatahi were released on bail.
- 17 rangatahi were released into the community.
Escalation of bail
Of the finalised cases where a young person was released on bail, the number that subsequently remain on bail, are remanded, or offend fluctuates slightly over the quarters. However, those who stayed on bail with no offence still make up over 50 percent of all statuses for the quarter.
Graph text description – final status of first bail
This chart shows the success on bail for each case which had bail in the quarter for the past two years.
Of the cases that had some bail during the quarter:
- 191 did not offend and stayed on bail throughout the quarter or until sentencing.
- 47 stayed on bail despite committing an additional offense.
- 87 offended and were moved from bail into custodial remand.
- 19 did not offend but were moved from bail into custodial remand.
Published: August 28, 2020