Youth Justice – how we're doing
We are committed to supporting young people, whānau and victims of youth crime to restore their mana.
The graphs below show how we are performing across several measures.
Note: 17 year olds became a part of the Youth Justice System as at 1 July 2019. This is denoted in the charts as a dotted line. Please note this means that the populations before and after the line are not comparable as more young people are included in the latest quarter. The inclusion of 17 years may impact on the trends below as 17 year olds may offend in different ways and may have a longer history of offence.
COVID-19 may have impacted the June, September and December 2020 quarters. This is due to the alert level restrictions first implemented at the end of March 2020.
Support following offending
The proportion of young people referred to Oranga Tamariki Youth Justice once and not subsequently re-referred (blue section of bar) has been growing over the past two years to 48 percent. In total, 79 percent of young people with a past Youth Justice referral had no contact with us this quarter, a slight improvement from 76 percent during the previous quarter.
Graph text description – re-engagement for those with youth justice history
This chart shows the number of rangatahi who have not had any engagement with Youth Justice in the quarter as a proportion of the total rangatahi we have previously engaged with who are still eligible for Youth Justice.
Of all applicable aged rangatahi in the latest quarter:
- 920 rangatahi who had only one previous family group conference did not have any engagement with Youth Justice in the quarter
- 589 rangatahi who had multiple previous family group conferences did not have any engagement with Youth Justice in the quarter
The number of FGCs held overall has decreased this quarter. Each FGC category saw a reduction, however the number of young people for whom it was their first FGC reduced by 25 percent. Young people who have had 1-4 FGCs in their lifetime made up the majority (73 percent) of all FGCs in the quarter.
Graph text description – FGC history for young people with current FGC
This chart shows the number of rangatahi who have had a family group conference in the quarter, split by the total number of family group conferences they have had in their lifetime, over the past two years.
Of all rangatahi who had an family group conference in the latest quarter:
- 223 have had one family group conference
- 183 have had two to four family group conferences
- 101 have had five to nine family group conferences
- 47 have had ten or more family group conferences
What is a family group conference (FGC)?
A youth justice family group conference gives a young person, along with their whānau, victims and professionals, a chance to help find solutions when they have offended.
There are three types of youth justice family group conference: an FGC for children who offend, an Intention to Charge FGC, and a Court Ordered FGC.
Less restrictive placements
The total number of custodial placements increased slightly in the latest quarter, with increases for each placement type. The number in custody in March 2021 is significantly less than in the March quarter of the previous year.
Note: Work is underway to query the Police Custody figure as it does not align with other data sources
Graph text description – custodial placements in youth justice
This chart shows the number of remand placements over the quarter by type of placement. This is shown by quarter for the last two years.
In the latest quarter:
- 76 rangatahi had a community based placement
- 230 rangatahi had a residence placement
- 23 rangatahi were in Police Custody at some point
What are the different types of placements?
There are several different types of youth justice placements. These can include:
Residence: A youth justice residence provides a safe and secure place for young people to stay who are in the custody of the Chief Executive following arrest, remand or sentence. Residences are locked facilities that provide 24 hour containment and care.
Community-based placement: A young person in the custody of the Chief Executive can be placed in the community if their circumstances do not require them to be in secure residence. Community-based placements can include group remand homes, supervised group homes, and family homes among others.
Police custody: A young person can be held securely by the Police immediately following arrest or on custodial remand while a court case is progressing. This can include those in custody of the Police or in the custody of the Chief Executive.
The average placement length in residence has increased significantly in the last quarter from 25.6 days to similar levels seen prior to December 2020. Following COVID-19 more longer term placements than average were closed in June 2020 and September 2020. This may have caused the fluctuation in average remand placement lengths seen in the last year. The average placement length for community based placements increased in the last quarter by 1.5 days.
Graph text description – average days on custodial remand
This chart shows the average length in days of each of the remand placement types, by quarter for the past two years.
In the latest quarter:
- The average length of placement for a community based placement was 19.3 days
- The average length of placement for a residence placement was 41.9 days
- The average length of time spent in Police Custody was 1.1 days
Initial case decision
Shares of each initial case outcome type have fluctuated slightly over time. For the vast majority of cases, young people are released on bail after their first court appearance. On average, 380 cases are closed each quarter.
Graph text description – status of cases after first court appearance
This chart shows the number of cases finalised in the quarter by the status of their release after the first court appearance. This is shown by quarter for the past two years.
In the latest quarter after the first appearance before a judge for each case:
- 21 rangatahi were released on custodial remand
- 58 rangatahi were released on custodial remand then later went onto bail
- 286 rangatahi were released on bail
- 11 rangatahi were released into the community
Escalation of bail
Of the finalised cases where a young person was released on bail, the proportion that subsequently remain on bail is similar to the last quarter. The proportion bailed to custodial remand without offending increased. Those who stayed on bail with no offence still make up half of all statuses for the quarter.
Graph text description – final status of first bail
This chart shows the success on bail for each case which had bail in the quarter for the past two years.
Of the cases that had some bail during the quarter:
- 173 did not offend and stayed on bail throughout the quarter or until sentencing
- 68 stayed on bail despite committing an additional offence
- 77 offended and were moved from bail into custodial remand
- 26 did not offend but were moved from bail into custodial remand
Published: June 9, 2021