Quarterly Report - December 2019
CARE AND PROTECTION
We are committed to keeping children in Oranga Tamariki custody safe and promoting their wellbeing.
The graphs below indicate how we are performing at finding placements for children and young people that are most like home.
Out of Home Placement type for Longer Term Placements
The number of children in longer term out of home placements has reduced. This is in line with the decreasing number of children entering out of home placements which has occurred over the past six months and an increasing number of exits. Oranga Tamariki tries to keep children out of care wherever possible.
Graph text description - Out of Home Placement
This chart shows what type of caregiver tamariki, in longer term out of home placements, are placed with at the end of each quarter for the past two years.
In the latest quarter, of all out of home placements longer than three months:
- 2,589 were in a family/whānau placement.
- 1,029 were in a non-family/whānau placement.
- 696 were in an other placement.
What is an out of home placement?
An out of home placement is needed when a child can't live in their family home. This includes:
Family/whānau placements: where a child has been brought into the custody of the Chief Executive, and has been supported to remain living with a member of their whānau as their caregiver.
Non-family/whānau placement: an Oranga Tamariki approved carer provides care for children who are not part of their own whānau. This is in contrast to other carers, who typically work with NGOs to provide care through contracted service arrangements.
Other placements: these can include residences, family/group homes, and contracted NGO services arrangements among others.
Family/whānau Placement Instability
Family/whānau placement stability has increased in the latest quarter in comparison to the previous quarter and in comparison to the same time last year. 95 percent of all placements had the same caregiver at the end of the quarter as at the start.
Graph text description - Family/whānau Placement Instability
This chart shows the stability of family/whānau placements. Of the tamariki in family/whānau placements, the proportion that left that placement or had a caregiver change during the quarter over the past two years.
Out of all family/whānau placements in the latest quarter:
- 3% left their family/whānau placement.
- 2% changed caregiver within their family/whānau placement.
Placement Availability on Entry to Care
The number of children entering out of home placements this quarter was lower than any other quarter over the past two years, in line with fewer entries into care overall. Although family/whānau placements experienced the greatest decrease, they still make up 34 percent of all placements on entry to care.
Graph text description - Placement Availability on Entry to Care
This chart shows the first placement type of tamariki who entered care during the quarter. This is shown by quarter for the past two years.
Of the tamariki that entered care in the latest quarter, the placement types they entered were:
- 97 were placed with family/whānau.
- 82 were placed with non-family/whānau.
- 106 went into other placement types.
Ethnicity match with Caregivers
The number of children living with caregivers has decreased in the latest quarter as fewer children are entering out of home placements, however the proportion of placement types has remained relatively stable. Of children living with a caregiver, 88 percent are living with family/whānau or with a caregiver of the same ethnicity.
Graph text description - Ethnicity match with Caregivers
This chart shows of the tamariki in family/whānau or non-family/whānau placement, how many are placed with a caregiver from the same whanau or of the same ethnicity. This is shown by quarter over the past two years.
Of the tamariki in family/whānau or non-family/whānau placements in the latest quarter:
- 2,890 were placed with family/whānau.
- 717 were placed with a caregiver of the same ethnicity as them.
- 435 were placed with a caregiver who had a different ethnicity to them.
Completion of Gateway Assessment
The number of assessments has decreased over the past two quarters in line with a decrease in the number of children in care, but the proportion of children that have a completed gateway assessment has increased to 74 percent. Improving the Gateway process is an on-going area of focus, which is reflected in the positive trend we observe.
Graph text description - Completion of Gateway Assessment
This chart shows the number of tamariki in the custody of the Chief Executive who have a Gateway assessment in progress or completed. This is shown by quarter for the past two years.
Of the tamariki who were in care for the latest quarter:
- 4,559 have a completed gateway assesment.
- 681 have a gateway assesment that is in progress.
- 882 have not been referred to gateway assesment.
What is a Gateway Assessment?
The Gateway Assessment is a formal needs assessment, covering health, education, and other needs of the child. Consent for a Gateway assessment must be obtained from a child’s parent or guardian, or, depending on their age, from the young person themselves. After the completion of an assessment, Oranga Tamariki records whether a recommendation has been made for a child to be referred to receive a relevant service for the identified need.
Referral to Core Health Support
Over the past two years, we have had relatively high rates of recommending vision, dental and hearing referrals, and numbers have improved further this quarter. A decision to not recommend a referral could be associated with service gaps or the need already being met at the time of assessment.
Graph text description - Referral to Core Health Support
This chart shows whether a referral is recommended for tamariki in care following the identification of a need in their gateway needs assessment. This is shown by dental, vision and hearing needs by quarter over the past two years.
Of the tamariki who had a gateway assessment completed in the latest quarter:
- 82% of those who had a dental need identified were recommended for a referral.
- 86% of those who had a hearing need identified were recommended for a referral.
- 81% of those who had a vision need identified were recommended for a referral.
Entries and exits for Out of Home Care
In the latest quarter there have been more exits from out of home care than there were entries. There has been a 23 percent decrease in the number of entries to out of home care. The reduction of entries is driven by first time entries which dropped by 30 percent. Re-entry into the Oranga Tamariki system also decreased to a lesser extent.
Graph text description - Entries and exits for Out of Home Care
This chart shows how many children have either entered an out of home placement or exited an out of home placement (through leaving care or entering a return/remain placement) each quarter over the past two years.
In the latest quarter:
- 359 entered an out of home placement.
- 571 exited an out of home placement.
What is a return/remain placement?
A child is in a return/remain placement when they are in the legal custody of the Oranga Tamariki Chief Executive but remain in the care of their immediate family. These placements are used most commonly where we are attempting to support the reunification of a family, while still maintaining legal custody to ensure the child remains safe.