Supporting tamariki Māori
We are working to reduce entries into care for tamariki Māori, connect them to whānau, hapū and iwi and enable culturally responsive services, with the help of our partners.
Making decisions with whānau, hapū, iwi and our partners as well as providing more support for tamariki and whānau to prevent entry into our care system are some of the ways we’ll deliver on this commitment. It’s part of the system change that we are seeking to achieve through new legislative amendments such as section 7AA of the Oranga Tamariki Act 1989.
Section 7AA requires us to improve outcomes for tamariki Māori. We can’t do this alone. Iwi, Māori organisations and all our partners who provide services to tamariki Māori and their whānau play a critical role in our work.
How we're doing
Reducing entry into care
- 2019 saw the smallest number of tamariki Māori coming into care since 2004.
- There are 27% fewer tamariki Māori coming into care since 2010.
- There is a reduction in the number of Māori babies (0 to 3 months) being taken into care over the last two years, turning around a decade-long trend of increasing state care for Māori babies.
- We're supporting the Whānau Ora Commissioning Agency and other iwi and Māori organisations to co-design a range of potential early intervention support for whānau, based on Whānau Ora methodologies.
Whānau, hapū and iwi care
- 75% of Māori children and young people placed with caregivers are being looked after by their own whānau or Māori caregivers.
- We have partnered with eight iwi and Māori organisations to establish Whānau Care and are about to engage with a further six organisations to design their own models of care for their tamariki and whānau.
Enabling culturally responsive services
- Around 24% of our partner funding goes to iwi and Māori organisations, around $82 million in 2020.
- There has been a 7% increase in Māori social workers since July 2019.
- We have 42 kairaranga-ā-whānau positions and there are 20 more being established in 2020/21.
Kairaranga-ā-whānau is a specialised Māori position which includes researching whakapapa alongside whānau, hapū and iwi to strengthen connections for tamariki. Kairaranga also facilitate hui to bring whānau together to find solutions for the wellbeing of their tamariki and rangatahi.
- Evaluation shows that kairaranga-ā-whānau and other Māori specialist roles are helping to improve outcomes for tamariki Māori.
About Kairaranga ā-whānau
Kairaranga-ā-whānau, Christchurch East – video transcript
(Music starts and plays in the background)
Aroha King (Kairaranga-ā-whānau, Christchurch East):
The purpose of the role of the kairaranga is to support and manaaki whānau through the process of Oranga Tamariki.
Michelle Turall (Senior Advisor, Iwi and Māori Engagement):
It's about prevention of entry into the statutory system, and to provide the whānau with a pathway to make decisions around the wellbeing of their tamariki and mokopuna.
One of the functions of the kairaranga is the facilitation of hui ā-whānau.
It is around the process of whanaungatanga. It is around bringing the whānau together to hear their voice. To understand and to see the potential of whānau to come up with their own solution.
I think the kairaranga role is pivotal to the transformational change that we are looking for within Oranga Tamariki.
We can see and we have been able to evidence or demonstrate how this can actually build the ora of whānau.
It's pivotal to be able to engage our whānau, it's pivotal to be able to role model the engagement to our kaimahi, and it's been very successful in better decision making and better outcomes for whānau Māori.
That's feedback that's come directly from whānau. So, they feel they have a voice, they feel they are listened to, and they feel they are empowered to look after their own.
(Oranga Tamariki – Ministry for Children logo comes on screen)
End of transcript.
Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu has worked alongside our Christchurch East site to ensure that all tamariki Māori who need a placement and who whakapapa to Ngāi Tahu are cared for by Ngāi Tahu whānau. As a result, there are no known Ngāi Tahu tamariki Māori being cared for by non-Ngāi Tahu whānau.
The Blenheim site has one of the lowest numbers of tamariki Māori in care across the country and that has been consistent for the last three years. What's helped keep tamariki Māori within whānau, hapū and iwi are the partnerships the site has with seven iwi, and the Māori Women’s Welfare League. Other contributing factors are the Māori model of care that has been designed and developed in partnership with the iwi and the Māori Women’s Welfare League Advisory Board, plus specialist Māori roles at the site.
Published: November 18, 2021